Arab-Israeli Wars The Rabinnovich article titled ‘Seven Wars and a Peace Treaty’,gives a chronological background of wars made between Arabs and Israeli’s after the birth of Israeli state. I: First War;1948-1949 The Israeli’s reffered this war as the war of Independence.It had two distinct phases.It first begun in 1947 after UN resolution on the partition of Palestine.The resolution was accepted by the Jewish community,but Arabs rejected.The result was a civil war.Until May 15, 1948 th two feuding communities tried to predispose the outcome of the full-fledged strife that was bound to folow te evacuation of British forces.As a result,much of fighting was mainly over the control of roads and the mixed cities. After Israeli’s declaration of independence,Egypt,Lebanon,Iraq,Syria and Jordan invaded Palestine to help Palestinian Arabs.This war lasted eight months.Israel Defence Forces (IDF) a formal army,fought with 5 arab states armies. By December 1948,it was clear that Israel had won the war.Egyptian army was advanced well into Sinai.Lebanese army was pushed back to its borders and Israelis captured part of South Lebanon.Syrian army was forced to retreat to a line corresponding,to the pre 1948 international boundary.Those zones became demilitarized.The war ended with Jordan in control of what became West Bank.Iraqi army played a minor role,ts major role was pushing the Arab League to intervene in the war. But how could Israel succeed? It enjoyed the benefit of coherent leadership,whose impact was magnified by David Ben-Gurion’s ability to integrate military and politiical elements into comphrensive strategy.Israel was predicted on social and political structures of its own long before.Later in the war,it obtained arms and turneits early military disadvantages into advantages.Soviet assistance to Israel was one reflection of the international dimension of the war.By helping Israel,Moscow hoped to disturb the status quo.
In the end of the war,Israel had larger area than the UN partition solution had reaffirmed.So Palestine refugee problem was created.It was humuliating for Arabs. 2. THE SINAI-SUEZ CAMPAIGN WAR;OCTOBER 1956 1950’s the antiagonism of the states was expressed in the means of politic,economics and military acts.The Arab boycott,the closure of Gulf of Tiran and Suez Canal to Israel shipping can be shown as such examples. Arabs designed a full-scale war to undo the consequences of 1948-1949 war and destroy Israeli state.For Israel, it would be a limited war,just to stregethen its position and anticipate Aon an arab attack. In the mean time Egypt was growing to be a regional power under the rule of Nasser,who was a pan-Arabist leader,a friend of Soviet Union,It was the firestarter of struggles against Israel.
There were waves of raids organized by Palestinian groupings from Gaza Strip and West Bank against Israel.Nasse created a tripartite military pact among Egypt,Syria and Jordan. Nationalization of Suez canal and Britain’s evacuation from the place increased the influence of Egypt over Syria and Jordan.Nasser’s attack on the remnants of of Britain and France’s colonial empires had an important effect too.So France and Israeli alience was formed.Briatin and France wanted to save their position in the region.So In Ocober 1956,in collusion with Britain and France,Israel attacked Egypt. Iasrael believed its was waging a defensive war,Arabs were becoming belligerent.So she decided to launch the Sinai campaign,to reach Suez Canal,to destroy Egyptian Army in the Sinai and to capture Sharm el Sheikh,the point at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula dominating the Tiran strait.By reaching the Suez Canal,they would pave the way for the Britain and France to launch their own military operation. Although they were thwarled by USA and SU, Israel evacuated the Sinai and the Gaza Strip in 1957( later in return for security arrangements made by the Eisenhower adminitration.) Nasser turned this military defeat into political victory.Sinai was to be demilitarized and to be held by a limited Egyptian power in case of any surprise attack.Also,UN forces were to be settled in the Gaza Strip,along Sinai and Sharm el-Sheikh. This war showed Israel’s impressive military capability,it contributed to the consolidation of its regional and international standing.But Nasser did not take any lessons,he started another war.He rested on the advantage of an Egyptian and arab militay build up,a sufficiant measuere of Arab cooperation to permit the formation of a single arab around Israel and Israel’s international isolation. 3.
THE SIX DAYS WAR;JUNE 5-10 1967 Soviet Union felt USA was trying to topple Syrian Baath Party regime and isolate Nasser,led it to the extend an unsual degree of support to Syria and to feed the Egyptians false information concerning Israel plan to attack Syria.Nasser wanted to gain prestige where he lost in the preview was with Israel,it was also going to take revenge.Plo was trying establish its presence and it playeda small role in contributing the war. The outbreak of the war was bit conflicting,The arabs wanted Israel to be the agressor.So they were escalating the problems.For example,Egypt blocaded the Tiran strait,remilitarized Sinai and evacuated the UN forces from here. Even USA government reached a conclusion that there was no political solution to the crisi and Israel military action was inevitable.It was an important development in the Israel government taking reassurance from USA. Israel sought to achieve a number of purposes to retain a element of surprise,to deal with what was percieved as the major threat namely the Egyptian military build up in the Sinai,to accompion that within a short period of timr and to limit the scope of the war. As a result,the war took six days.It was a watershed in the history of Arab Israeli conflict.It led the creation of an arms race and military buildup on an entirely different level.Another importatnt result of the war was the renewal of the war for Palestine.Since 1948,there was one authority in control for Palestinian Arabs in West Bank.Israel’s posesssion of West Bank,regenerate …