China dynasties Now and Then The past and present of china are very similar. What has happened in past Chinese societies in the last 2,000 years seems to be repeating it. Ch’ing Dynasty, over 2200 years ego, have come back, being repeated by the current regimen. In the Ch’in Dynasty as in Chou, Han and in the present. Confucianism is part of the Chinese social discipline and the way of the life, also agriculture’s was heavily depended on all regiments, even-though China has begun to urbanize.
China had faced corruption since the first dynasty. As, By BC 475 In Shang dynasty the economy as in based in agriculture and bronze metallurgy, and urban development. But since the development of the agriculture as more productive, the Shang system forced farmers to pay taxes in order support him in the military labor. The commoner reject this and made rebellions, therefore the Shang dynasty become cruel, immoral and tyrant because they also wants to control everything in the empire. But, by (221 bc) the Shang dynasty faced the last rebellion, in King Wen found the Chou dynasty which believed that heaven gave a mandate to rule, which sanctioned the political authority of the kings.
During this dynasty the laws were in based of uniform regulations, they were well-field system, also during this dynasty the Confucianism has began, with Master Kong (K’ung, Confucius, 551-479 B.C.) he did not intend to found a new religion, but to interpret and try to revived the unnamed religion of the Zhou (Chou) dynasty, under which many people thought the ancient system of religious rule was bankrupt. Confucius, believed that the basis lay in Zhou religion, in its statecraft were the bases of sound policy, which, he call “rituals” ( the actions beyond the formal sacrifices and religious ceremonies.) Confucianism was represent the emergent class of the administrators and advisers that now were needed to help the ruling aristocracy deal with the complicated problems of domestic administration and interstate relations. Also he was the affirmation of accepted Values and norms of behavior in primary social institutions and basic human relationship. Confucius ethical vision ran against the grain of the legalistic mind of set of his day. Chou dynasty collapsed in 256 bc.
Shih Huang Ti become as emperor of the Ch’in (Qin) dynasty, which first unified the nation in 221 B.C. This dynasty adopted landholding private, and taxation were enforced equally and impersonally, but the wall building and other public works made the Ch’in dynasty increasing the taxation emperor of the Ch’in dynasty, which first unified the nation. This dynasty adopted landholding private, and taxation were enforced equally and impersonally, but the wall building and other public works made the Ch’in dynasty increasing the taxation in based of repression of ideas, this dynasty was anti-intellectual, anti-Confucianism, in addition, the literate classes were alienated by government policies of thought control, particularly the burning of books. therefore in (207 bc). Liu pang proclaimed himself emperor, founding the Han dynasty, he tried to follow in the footsteps of the Qin.
the Han at the beginning changed some of the unfair laws and taxes. As, some laws were abolished, taxes were reduced, in order to lessened the tension of the masses. Also to promoted economy. But The Han Empire began to fall apart as the large landholding families, taking advantage of the weakness of the imperial government. In addition, all kinds of taxes were placed on farmers to ensure that monopolize, or become too much stronger than others citizens, in those eras.
The Han dynasty also re-introduced ideas of Confucianism as the main school of thought. These ideas sound to provide people with jobs and titles according to skills and merit not their lineage. So a test to find the best civil servants was adopted. the Han dynasty had faced corruption. Also, in the present.
Farmer’s were/are fed up with the taxes and corruption of the local communist party as we can clearly see in the article of New York Times from January 8. Regimes from both the past and the present wanted to attain a state of total control with the help of strong police forces to help control any disagreements or revels. With the quote of an official from china ideals of how the needs of a state outweigh individuals needs the official exact words were strength is gained through unity but the rivers of the state will decide what is the best decision. In the Han dynasty during the Ch’ang period, sacrifice for benefit of state was new but very important. An example in the period from AD 9 to 23 Wang Mang was murder when he tried to establish a reform that every citizen will have equal political, economic, social and civil rights. As in the present, in January 8 Zhang Huangli was murder fighting for his rights.
At one time in China, commerce duly benefited the state, a feeling of disagreement come over to people who saw or thought that the government was using the products of farmers and not rewarding them or recognizing them. Disagreements in China have continued to grow, according to the New York Times article. Wanting total control and feeling Dissents will cause more problems in the future. The feelings of disagreements and/or dissent will feed to the problems in china’s agriculture. Violence and problems needed to be prevented as much as possible. An example of these problems is how the Chinese dynasty, feel apart after being in the same situation and seeing that the history is repeat. Overview of Confucius in China culture Recently, both in china and abroad, interest in Confucius has increased markedly, and there has been growing study and discussion in this philosophy.
Studying Confucius helps one to understand Chinese history and culture. From 140 B.C. years ago, went Emperor Wudi of western dynasty decided to make it the country’s orthodox philosophy, until the founding in 1949 of People’s Republic, confuciaism was, whit one or two interruptions the mainstay of Chinese thought. Its influence pervaded all strata of society and penetrated every field of activity, from court politics to the every day life of the common people. It is obvious, therefore that to understand China one has to understand Confucius. Some of Confucius’ ideas may be beneficial and useful today for China and the world.
Although he was born 2,500 years ego, his views on morality, education, self-cultivation, the mean, harmony and other subjects could be considered to have a lasting value. Some contemporary philosophers regard confucianism as one of the key factors in the rapid development of some East Asian countries and regions, and a possible solution to many of the problems besetting the world today. Confucianism was for a long time one of the main constituents of Chinese culture. In turn Chinese culture was one of the major forces that determined the orientation of Chinese history. The cultural development of the Chinese nation has never been interrupted, something like that cannot be said about many other ancient civilizations. Although border ethnic groups more than once ruled all or a part of China, they nevertheless failed to alter Chinese culture in any fundamental way. On contrary, the conquerors were themselves conquered by Chinese culture. These serves to show that military occupation and political control eventually had to give way to cultural superiority.
To conclude, today both the develop and developing country is confronted with a multitude of problems, of the culture is very important one. Without an advanced culture a nation is hard to prossed to build up advanced economical or political systems, or indeed retain them for long, even if they already exist.