The Presidential Election Of 1972

.. uded defense spending cut backs. What I offer is not simply a set of promises, but a specific plan to pay for those promises. First, I would reduce by approximately 10 billion dollars in each of the next three years the rapidly escalating, lavish Nixon military budget. Current spending wastes billions of dollars on planes that do not fly, and missiles that will not work.

I will never permit America to become a second-rate power in the world. Neither can we permit America to become a second-rate society. And if we choose a reasonable military budget, we will not have to choose between the decline of our security and the deterioration of our standard of life.(U.S. News and World Report, From McGovern: A New Blueprint For Taxes, Welfare, Vol. LXXIII No.11, pg.14-16)7 Our country does not only need to be strong militarily but also economically.

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Our military is an important part of our economy, but it shouldn’t be one of the major influencing factors that determines the health of the economy. The Democrats felt that Spending for military purposes is greater by far than federal spending for education, housing, environmental protection, unemployment insurance or welfare. Unneeded dollars for the military at once add to the tax burden and pre-empt funds from programs of direct and immediate benefit to our people. Moreover, too much that is now spent on defense not only adds nothing to our strength but makes us less secure by stimulating other countries to respond.4 Just as the Democrats want a healthy economy the Republicans want the same thing. Our country needs a healthy economy to survive, and the Republicans feel they can give us that strong economy.

We stand for full employment–a job for everyone willing and able to work in an economy freed of inflation, its vigor not dependent upon war or massive military spending. We will fight for responsible federal budgets to help assure steady expansion of the economy without inflation. The right of American citizens to buy, hold or sell goods should be re-established as soon as this is feasible.2 The Republicans agree that the economy shouldn’t be based on war or huge amounts of defense expenses to keep our economy, but they also feel that the military is an important part of our country. Traditionally the Republican party has always supported a strong military, and feels it is necessary to keep America as one of the world’s strongest nations. President Nixon, and the Republican party stated that By adhering to a defense policy based on strength at home, partnership abroad and a willingness to negotiate everywhere, we hold that lasting peace is now achievable.

We will not let America become a second-class power, dependent for survival on the good will of adversaries. We draw a sharp distinction between prudent reductions in defense spending and the meat-ax slashes with which some Americans are now beguiled by the political opposition. We wholeheartedly support an all-volunteer armed force and expect to end the draft by July, 1973. We will continue to pursue arms-control agreements–but we recognize that this can be successful only if we maintain sufficient strength.2 Basically Nixon and the Republican Party were stating that we need a strong military and a healthy economy, but cutting defense spending is not the solution to the economic problem. Another major issue focused on during the election of 1972 was foreign policy. Senator McGovern, and the Democratic party stated the next Democratic Administration should End American participation in the war in Southeast Asia.

Re-establish control over military activities and reduce military spending, where consistent with national security. Defend America’s real interests and maintain our alliances, neither playing world policeman nor abandoning old and good friends. Not neglect America’s relations with small third-world nations in placing reliance on great power relationships. Return to Congress, and the people, a meaningful role in decisions on peace and war, and make information public, except where real national defense interests are involved.4 The Democratic party didn’t want other countries to look upon the U.S. as the policeman of the world. They also wanted to make sure the U.S.

remained friendly with small third world countries, because we may need to trade with them, or we might need raw materials we don’t have. The Republicans had a different idea on foreign policy. They said that Never before has our country negotiated with so many nations on so wide a range of subjects — and never with greater success. They go on to say We will press for expansion of contacts with the peoples of Eastern Europe and the People’s Republic of China, as long isolated from most of the world.2 The Republican Party wanted to improve the relationships with countries that have been cut off from much of the world. The Republicans felt they were doing a good job with foreign policy, and didn’t think they should change much of anything they were doing.

After all the months of campaigning, and voting were through, Richard Nixon was reelected the new President of the United States. Nixon swept back into the White House on Nov. 7 with a devastating landslide victory over McGovern. He carried a record of 49 states for a total of 520 electoral votes.5 Nixon did have a couple of advantages that McGovern didn’t. For one, the people had confidence in him since he had been elected once before.

They knew what kind of a President he was, and what they as the constituents could expect from him. Second, McGovern made a bad decision when he chose his vice president running mate. McGovern had chosen Sen. Thomas F. Eagleton of Missouri.

Barely 10 days after selection of the Democratic ticket, on July 25, Eagleton disclosed that he voluntarily had hospitalized himself three times between 1960 and 1966 for nervous exhaustion and fatigue. McGovern strongly supported his running mate at the time, but in the following days, his support for the Missouri senator began to wane. After a meeting with McGovern on July 31, Eagleton withdrew from the ticket.4 Eagleton badly damaged the image of McGovern. The constituents lost their confidence in McGovern and in his decision making power. They felt that McGovern may not make wise decisions if he was elected the next President of the U.S. McGovern was also somewhat radical views. CRP focused early and often on the more radical-sounding views of McGovern, highlighting his support of amnesty for young people who fled to Canada to avoid the draft, his sometime musings that marijuana might better be legalized, and his purported support of legalized abortion.1 Many felt that McGovern’s views may have been more radical and outlandish than some had supported. After Nixon was elected to office, It appeared in 1972 that American politics was entering an age of calm consensus.

The economy was temporarily strong: opposition to the Vietnam War had faded as the two sides negotiated in Paris for an end to the war.6 Then in Nixon’s political career A warlike atmosphere between the media (as well as other perceived enemies of the administration that appeared on Nixon’s enemies list) and the mushrooming Watergate scandal combined to create a dark side to U.S. politics in the 1970’s. At its simplest level, the Watergate affair was a third-rate burglary and a subsequent cover-up by President Nixon and his aides. In the summer of 1972, several employees of the Committee to Re-elect the President were arrested after they were discovered breaking into and bugging the Democratic National Committee’s offices at the posh Watergate complex in Washington. The break-in was not a major issue in the 1972 election, but the next year congressional committees began an investigation.6 Along with the congressional committees investigation, two reporters from the Washington Post, named Bob Woodward, and Carl Berstein did some investigating of their own.

They had a politician who knew about all that was going on with the Watergate scandal, nicknamed Deep Throat. Deep Throat supplied the two reporters with the information they needed to tear open the Watergate scandal. These two reporters open up the Watergate scandal, and all the participants involved. During the investigation, a presidential aide revealed that Nixon had secretly taped Oval Office conversations with aides. When the Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox ordered Nixon to surrender the tapes, Nixon ordered Cox fired.

Then the Supreme Court ruled that Nixon had to surrender even more tapes, which indicated that he had played an active role in covering up the Watergate scandal. Nixon resigned the presidency when his impeachment and conviction appeared certain. The impeachment articles charged him with obstruction of justice, abuse of presidential powers and contempt of Congress. President Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. The Watergate affair was perhaps the greatest political scandal in U.S. history.

For the first time, a president was forced to leave office before his term expired.6 Vice President Gerald Ford became the President of the United States. President Ford then granted Richard Nixon a full pardon of the crimes committed against the presidency, and the people of the United States. Politics Essays.