World War I

.. e of war with Germany. (Alistair Horne, 1970) The early part of 1918 did not look favorable for the Allied nations. On March 3, Russia signed the Treaty of Brest – Litovsk, which put a formal end to the war between that nation and the Central Powers on terms more favorable to the latter; and on May7, Romania made peace with the Central Powers, signing the Treaty of Bucharest, by the terms of which it ceded the Dobruja region to Bulgaria and the passes in the Carpathian Mountains to Austria – Hungary, and gave Germany a long – term lease on the Romanian oil wells. (Microsoft Encarta, 1996) On November 6, the German delegates left Berlin to apply for an armistice. Meanwhile, the Allied advance in the west continued, and, on the American sector at least, with fresh incentive.

The Americans reached Sedan on the same day that the German delegates reached General Ferdinand Foch’s rendezvous. (Alistair Horne, 1970) The terms he laid down were severe – sufficient to cripple the German forces more decisively than any battle. But the collapse of the home front, even more than the military menace in front and flank, ensured their acceptance. In any event, the stranglehold of the blockade was stifling to power of resistance, so the Germans had no choice but to sign. And at the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918 the war came to an end. Introduction World war one, also known as the war to end all wars, was a brutal war which affected all of Europe, and outlying areas.

The assassination of Arch Duke of Austria, Francis Ferdinand by a Bosnian patriot was responsible for the initial outbreak of fighting. On July 28, 1914, world war one began. Fighting commenced between Austria-Hungary, whom declared war on Russia, an ally of Serbia. Millions of people were affected by this war. More civilian population was involved in world war one than ever before in previous wars.

Imperialism, nationalism, militarism and alliances, all played the major roles in the preparations for war, and without even one of these factors, world war one would not have occurred. Although the murder of Austria’s Arch Duke, Francis Ferdinand was the immediate cause of the war, it was not the main reason for it. Many countries were broken into small pieces before the war, and certain areas were occupied as colonies by greater powers. One example of this was the colonization of Italy by Austria-Hungary. The Italians supported nationalism, which was the desire for self rule.

Finally, after multiple attempts, the Italians freed themselves from Austria-Hungarian control. However, there would never again be unequivocal peace between the two nations again. From that point on, they watched each other’s every action, and were always preparing to fight. It is believed by Pierre Renouvin, the author of The Immediate Origins of War that The vigorous assertion of national feeling is one of the basic traits of the period . . .

and that . . . The effective impulse (for the war) came from national feelings and from passionate emotions. As tensions grew between countries, feelings of insecurity began to develop.

Many countries decided to increase their armies, and their navies, also known as militarism. As one country would begin to enhance their military, other countries felt compelled to do the same to avoid possible unsuspected attacks. On a chart representing the per capita expenditures on armaments, many countries, within just ten years prior to the war increased their military’s defense and offence by two to even three hundred percent. The actions of the European nations greatly intensified the chances for fore coming of a full scale war. In the Origins of the World War by Sidney Bradshaw Fay, it says This hostility (within Europe) was accentuated by the increase of armaments, economic rivalry, and nationalist ambitions . .

. When one or more countries felt that they needed support, or protection, they would find another country searching for something comparable, and make an agreement to stand by each other during war. These agreements were known as alliances. During the war, two major allied groups came about. They were the triple entente which consisted of Great Britain, France, and Russia, and the triple alliance which consisted of Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary.

Throughout the war, alliances maintained a great role, however, initially alliances were not a contributing factor. If there had not been imperialism, nationalism, and militarism occurring simultaneously, there would have been no need for allies, because they were the factors that created the hostile environment in which the war formed. What could have remained a regional incident, turned into a world war due to alliances. Alliances were for other nations to be able to rely on others during relentless attacks from other countries. These alliances were only useful during war, and had imperialism, nationalism, and militarism not been present, world war one would not have occurred.

World war one was a grand war which contained a very in-depth, detailed background, ranging from the assassination of the Arch Duke of Austria, to the imperialism, nationalism, militarism, and alliances of the European nations. Imperialism, nationalism, militarism and alliances, all played major roles in the preparations for war, and without even one of these factors, world war one would not have occurred. World War One World war one, also known as the war to end all wars, was a brutal war which affected all of Europe, and outlying areas. The assassination of Arch Duke of Austria, Francis Ferdinand by a Bosnian patriot was responsible for the initial outbreak of fighting. On July 28, 1914, world war one began. Fighting commenced between Austria-Hungary, whom declared war on Russia, an ally of Serbia. Millions of people were affected by this war.

More civilian population was involved in world war one than ever before in previous wars. Imperialism, nationalism, militarism and alliances, all played the major roles in the preparations for war, and without even one of these factors, world war one would not have occurred. Although the murder of Austria’s Arch Duke, Francis Ferdinand was the immediate cause of the war, it was not the main reason for it. Many countries were broken into small pieces before the war, and certain areas were occupied as colonies by greater powers. One example of this was the colonization of Italy by Austria-Hungary.

The Italians supported nationalism, which was the desire for self rule. Finally, after multiple attempts, the Italians freed themselves from Austria-Hungarian control. However, there would never again be unequivocal peace between the two nations again. From that point on, they watched each other’s every action, and were always preparing to fight. It is believed by Pierre Renouvin, the author of The Immediate Origins of War that The vigorous assertion of national feeling is one of the basic traits of the period . . .

and that . . . The effective impulse (for the war) came from national feelings and from passionate emotions. As tensions grew between countries, feelings of insecurity began to develop.

Many countries decided to increase their armies, and their navies, also known as militarism. As one country would begin to enhance their military, other countries felt compelled to do the same to avoid possible unsuspected attacks. On a chart representing the per capita expenditures on armaments, many countries, within just ten years prior to the war increased their military’s defense and offence by two to even three hundred percent. The actions of the European nations greatly intensified the chances for fore coming of a full scale war. In the Origins of the World War by Sidney Bradshaw Fay, it says This hostility (within Europe) was accentuated by the increase of armaments, economic rivalry, and nationalist ambitions . .

. When one or more countries felt that they needed support, or protection, they would find another country searching for something comparable, and make an agreement to stand by each other during war. These agreements were known as alliances. During the war, two major allied groups came about. They were the triple entente which consisted of Great Britain, France, and Russia, and the triple alliance which consisted of Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary.

Throughout the war, alliances maintained a great role, however, initially alliances were not a contributing factor. If there had not been imperialism, nationalism, and militarism occurring simultaneously, there would have been no need for allies, because they were the factors that created the hostile environment in which the war formed. What could have remained a regional incident, turned into a world war due to alliances. Alliances were for other nations to be able to rely on others during relentless attacks from other countries. These alliances were only useful during war, and had imperialism, nationalism, and militarism not been present, world war one would not have occurred.

World war one was a grand war which contained a very in-depth, detailed background, ranging from the assassination of the Arch Duke of Austria, to the imperialism, nationalism, militarism, and alliances of the European nations. Imperialism, nationalism, militarism and alliances, all played major roles in the preparations for war, and without even one of these factors, world war one would not have occurred. History Essays.